the preposition ‘ke’

English equivalent: to ~

Structure: ke (place), ke (time)

Rules:

  1. ‘Ke’ can only be used with places, direction and time. ‘Kepada‘ is used for other cases. This preposition is used with movement verbs. See sentence #1.
  2. For the case of time, ‘hingga/sehingga/sampai’ can be used instead of ‘ke’. These prepositions are equivalent to ‘until’. See Sentence #4 and #5.
  3. ‘Ke’ can be used independently with the meaning ‘to go’ or ‘to come’ implied. See Sentence #3.

Examples:

  1. Kami dan keluarga akan pergi ke zoo pada hujung minggu ini.
  2. Adi memandu kereta dari Pulau Pinang ke Singapura.
  3. Untuk ke sini, mungkin akan mengambil masa lima jam.
  4. Dia tidak pulang dari semalam ke hari ini.
  5. Dia tidak pulang dari semalam sehingga hari ini.
  1. We and family will be going to the zoo this weekend.
  2. Adi drove the car from Penang to Singapore.
  3. To (get) here, it may take 5 hours.
  4. He has not come home since yesterday until today.
  5. She has not come home since yesterday until today.

Using ‘ke’ with locative prepositions

atas

bawah


sebelah


tepi


dalam


luar


sebelah kiri


sebelah kanan


tengah

on, on top of, above

under, below, beneath

next to

to the side of, by~

in, inside

outside

on the left side

on the right side

in the middle

Examples:

  1. Letak buku ini ke atas meja.
  2. Masukkan bola ini ke dalam kotak.
  3. Pusing ke sebelah kiri.
  4. Pandang ke bawah.
  1. Put this book onto the table.
  2. Put this ball into the box.
  3. Turn to the left.
  4. Look down.

Colloquial Malay

  1. When using the preposition ‘ke’ with a locative preposition, it is often omitted.
  2. Sometimes, ‘dekat’ or ‘kat’ is used in exchange for ‘ke’.
  1. Jangan pergi kat sana.
  2. Kawan kitorang datang kat sini tadi.
  1. Don’t go there.
  2. Our friend came here earlier.

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